School Boards

IGCSE

It develops successful students, giving them excellent preparation for their next steps in education, including progression to A and AS Level study, and equips them with skills for immediate employment.

The IGCSE examination is suitable for virtually the whole ability range. It has an 8-point scale of grades: A*, A, B, C, D, E, F and G. (Grade A* is awarded for exceptional levels of achievement).

 

To take account of differing abilities, there is a choice between Core and Extended curriculum papers in most subjects. This allows teachers to decide on the mostappropriate level of papers for their students.

The Core curriculum in each subject is within the ability range of a large majority of students. It provides a full overview of the subject and is targeted at students expected to achieve grades D to G.

The Extended curriculum, which comprises the Core curriculum and the Supplement, has been designed for the more academically able and leads naturally into higher education or professional training. It is targeted at those expected to achieve grades A to C. The Supplement describes the extra topics or depth, which must be added to the Core to produce the Extended curriculum.

Students need not enter for the same level of curriculum in all subjects.

  TARGET GRADES GRADES AVAILABLE
Core Curriculum D E F G C D E F G
Extended Curriculum A B C A* A B C D E

The overlap of three grades(C, D and E) is designed to accommodate students who perform either better or worse than their teachers expect. Students who fail to meet the minimum satisfactory standard for either the core curriculum (Grade G) or the Extended curriculum (Grade E) will be ungraded.

For each subject, the certificate merely indicates the grades scored, and not pass or fail.

Five scores of ‘C’ or higher indicates a students readiness to pursue +2 level qualifications, like the Class 12 CBSE, IB Diploma, Advanced Placement Diploma (US), etc.

CIE Qualifications

Upper Secondary
16-18yrs

Middle Secondary
14-16yrs

Lower Secondary
11-14yrs

Primary
5-11yrs

The International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) is the world’s most popular international qualification for 14–16 year olds. It develops successful students, giving them excellent preparation for their next steps in education, including progression to A and AS Level study, and equips them with skills for immediate employment. Cambridge IGCSE is recognised by universities and employers worldwide.

Subject offered at IGCSE level

A and AS levels

Every year, thousands of Cambridge International A Level students gain places at good universities worldwide – including the UK, USA, Canada, New Zealand and Australia.

That’s because universities worldwide recognise Cambridge International A/AS Level as an excellent preparation for a university education. Some US universities give up to a year’s credit as a result.

Cambridge International A/AS Level is an internationally benchmarked qualification, taken in over 125 countries

Every year, thousands of students with Cambridge International A Level win places at good universities worldwide.

As one of the most recognised qualifications around the world, it is accepted as proof of academic ability for entry to universities worldwide.

Cambridge International A Levels typically take two years to complete and offer a flexible course of study that gives students the freedom to select subjects that are right for them.

International A Level examinations are usually taken after 13 years of education and are based on approximately 360 hours of guided learning, normally over a two-year period. International A Levels are highly specialised and a student will normally take three subjects, although occasionally exceptional students take four.

There are six passing grades (A* – E). Minimum matriculation requirements are at least two pass grades. University courses for which there is not strong demand might accept students with these grades, but typical UK university entrance requirements are closer to three passes at grade C for academic courses in established universities. Very popular courses will often require higher grades. For example, medical schools in the UK often require grades of AAB and the highly selective universities of Cambridge and Oxford ask for at least AAB.

Good International A Level grades can be a key to admission for all the world’s major anglophone universities. University course credit and advanced standing is often available in countries such as the USA and Canada, where entrance to university takes place after 12 years of education. Good grades in carefully chosen International A Level subjects can result in up to one full year of credit.

Subjects Offered

Schools offering Cambridge Qualifications:

Over 200 schools in India are Cambridge International Centres.

Some of the schools are:

Andhra Pradesh

  • Abhyasa Residential Public School Toopran
  • D.R.S. International School Secundarabad
  • Gitanjali School Hyderabad
  • Indus International School, Hyderabad Shankarapalli (M)
  • International School of Hyderabad
  • Johnson Grammar School (CBSE) Hyderabad
  • Parkwood School International Hyderabad
  • Sreenidhi International School Hyderabad
  • Westwood International School Visakhapatnam

 

Chandigarh

  • Ryan International School, Chandigarh
  • The British School Panchkula

 

Goa

  • European School Of Goa Saligao, Bardez
  • Nirmala Institute of Education Panjim

Gujarat

  • Ahmedabad International School Ahmedabad
  • Divine Child School (Mehsana) Mehsana
  • G.L Kakadia International School Bhavnagar
  • Gandhinagar International Public School Gandhinagar
  • Genius Cambridge International School Rajkot
  • JG International School Ahmedabad
  • Mahatma Gandhi International School Ahmedabad
  • Navrachana International School Vadodara
  • Nelson’s International School Ahmedabad
  • P P Savani Cambridge International School Surat
  • Ryan Global School, Surat (CBSE) Surat
  • Ryan Global School, Surat (ICSE) Surat
  • The Galaxy School Rajkot
  • The New Tulip International School Ahemdabad
  • The Riverside School Ahmedabad,
  • Tripada International School Ahmedabad
  • Vibgyor High Vadodara India Vadodara

Haryana

  • Amity Global School Gurgaon
  • Chaman Vatika International School Ambala
  • G.D. Goenka World School Sohna
  • M.M. International School Ambala
  • Pathways World School New Delhi
  • Starex International School Gurgaon
  • Sun City World School Gurgaon
  • The Scottish High International School Gurgaon

 

Jharkhand

Sapphire International School Ranchi

Karnataka

  • Bangalore International School Bangalore
  • Canadian International School Bangalore
  • Ebenezer International School Bangalore
  • Gems – Great Eastern Management School Vasanth Nagar
  • Gitanjali International School Bangalore Chikkaballapura
  • Greenwood High School Bangalore
  • India International School Bangalore
  • Indus International School Bangalore
  • Jain International Residential School Bangalore
  • Oasis International School Bangalore
  • Phoenix Public School Belgaum
  • Ryan Global School, Yelahanka Bangalore
  • Ryan International School, Kundanahalli Bangalore
  • Sarala Birla Academy Bangalore
  • The International School Bangalore (TISB)Bangalore

Kerala

  • Christ Nagar International School Trivandrum
  • GEM International School Kannur
  • Global Public School Cochin
  • The King’s School Kollam
  • Trivandrum International School Trivandrum

Madhya Pradesh

  • Choithram International Indore
  • The Emerald Heights International School Indore

Maharashtra

  • Arya Cambridge International School Thane
  • Avalon Heights International School Navi Mumbai
  • B.D. Somani International School Mumbai
  • Bombay International School Mumbai
  • D Y Patil International School, Worli Mumbai
  • Dhirubhai Ambani International School Mumbai
  • Dr Pillai Global Academy, New Panvel Navi Mumbai
  • Dr. Pillai Global Academy Mumbai
  • Ecole Mondiale World School Mumbai
  • International School Aamby Pune
  • International School of Scholars Nagpur
  • Jamnabai Narsee School Mumbai
  • Jankidevi Public School Mumbai
  • Mainadevi Bajaj International School Mumbai
  • New Era High School Panchgani
  • Oberoi International School Mumbai
  • Oyster International School And Junior College Solapur
  • Pinnacle High International School Mumbai
  • Podar International School Mumbai
  • Podar International School Aurangabad
  • Podar International School, Nashik Nashik
  • Podar International School, Seawood Mumbai
  • Riverdale International Residential School Pune
  • Rustomjee Cambridge International School Mumbai
  • Ryan Global School, Goregaon Mumbai
  • Ryan Global School, Kandivili Mumbai
  • Ryan Global School, KhargarNavi Mumbai
  • Ryan Global School, Sanpada Navi Mumbai
  • Sanjivani International Schoo lNavi Mumbai
  • Sharad Pawar International School, Pune Pune
  • Symbiosis International School Pune
  • Thakur International School Mumbai
  • The Cathedral Vidya School, Lonavala Pune
  • The Mahindra United World College of India Pune
  • The New Era School Mumbai
  • Vishwashanti Gurukul World School Pune

NCR

  • Amity Global School, Pushp Vihar New Delhi
  • Doon Public School, Paschim Vihar, New Delhi
  • DPS International, Saket New Delhi
  • The British School – New Delhi New Delhi
  • The OPG School Delhi

Punjab

  • Cambridge International School For Girls Jalandhar
  • Cambridge International School, Dasuya Hoshiarpur
  • Harvest International School Ludhiana
  • Mayor World School Jalandhar

Rajasthan

  • Jankidevi Public School, Jaipur Jaipur
  • Neerja Modi School Jaipur
  • Ryan International School, Jaipur Jaipur
  • S S Mody Cambridge Intl School JJN India Jhunujhunu
  • Sanskriti World School Ajmer
  • Step By Step High School Jaipur
  • Vidhyashram International School Jodhpur

Sikkim

  • Taktse International School Gangtok

Tamil Nadu

  • Alpha Matriculation Higher Secondary School Chennai
  • APL Global School Chennai
  • Crescent School Chennai
  • Good Shepherd International School Nilgiris
  • Hebron School Ootacamund
  • J.S.S. Public School Ootacamund
  • Sri Vidhya Academy International Residential School Chennai
  • St. John’s International Residential School Chennai
  • The Monarch International School Coimbatore
  • Vaels Billabong High International School Chennai

Uttar Pradesh

  • Alliance World School Noida
  • Amity Global School Noida
  • Ryan International School, Greater Noida Greater Noida
  • Step By Step School Noida
  • Vidya Global School Meerut
  • Vidya Institute of Training & Development Meerut

Uttarakhand

  • Mussoorie International School Mussoorie
  • Shigally Hill International AcademyDehra Dun
  • Unison World School Dehra Dun
  • Woodstock SchoolMussoorie

West Bengal

  • Bridge International School Kolkata
  • Calcutta New School Society, The Cambridge School Kolkata
  • Campion International School Siliguri
  • Himali Boarding School Darjeeling
  • Pailan World School Kolkata

International Baccalaureate

Today, parents have a plethora of educational boards from which to choose, to enroll their children. It is no longer just the SSC (Secondary School Certificate) or ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education).

IB is the abbreviation for International Baccalaureate.

It is an internationally recognised school system made up of three educational programmes:

  1. PYP: The Primary Years Programme (Kindergarten to Class 5).
  2. MYP: The Middle Years Programme (Class 6 to Class 10).
  3. DP: The Diploma Programme (Class 11 to Class 12).

 

The IB programme was founded in 1968 by the International Baccalaureate Organisation (IBO), a non-profit educational organisation based in Geneva, Switzerland. Despite having its headquarters in Switzerland, the IBO is an international organisation, not associated with any particular country and free of national political educational agendas.

How is IB different from, say, CBSE?

Is it only for gifted children? Can my ‘normal’ child cope up with IB?

The IB programme is more practical and application-based. It has a broader spectrum of subjects that lead to all-round development.

IB examinations test students’ knowledge, not their memory and speed. There are no examinations till the Middle Years Programme (Class 10). The focus of the IB pedagogy is on ‘how to learn’ rather than ‘what to learn’.

There are no prescribed textbooks; students can choose their own books.

The purpose of IB is to produce global citizens.

But sometimes, the IB programme does use the local curriculum as a base. For example, Hindi can be offered as a second language in the IB Diploma Programme.

The IB curriculum is more challenging than educational boards like CBSE and ICSE. But the challenge is in the quality of assignments, not in the amount of work assigned.

What are the subjects in PYP?

Subjects in the Primary Years Programme (PYP) are:

1. Language
2. Social Studies
3. Mathematics
4. Science and Technology
5. Arts
6. Personal, Social and Physical education

What are the subjects in MYP?

Subjects in the Middle Years Programme (MYP) are:

1. 1st Language
2. 2nd Language
3. Humanities (History and Geography)
4. Sciences (Biology, Chemistry & Physics)
5. Mathematics (Number, Algebra, Geometry, Statistics, and Discrete Mathematics)
6. Arts (Visual Arts and Performing Arts)
7. Physical Education
8. Technology (Computers)

What are the subjects in DP?

DP students choose one subject from each of the following six ‘Subject Groups’:

  • Group 1: First Language (English)
  • Group 2: Second Language (French, Hindi, etc).
  • Group 3: Individuals and Societies (History, Economics, Business and Management, etc).
  • Group 4: Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Environmental Systems).
  • Group 5: Mathematics and Computer Science.
  • Group 6: Electives (either Visual Arts or a second subject from Groups 3, 4 or 5).

In addition, all DP students must study a two-year course called Theory of Knowledge (TOK); work to produce an Extended Essay (EE); and engage in Creativity, Action, and Service (CAS).

All of these subjects may be studied at higher level or standard level.

Studying any one of these subjects provides for the development of a critical appreciation of:

  • human experience and behaviour
  • the varieties of physical, economic and social environments that people inhabit
  • the history of social and cultural institutions.

In addition, each subject is designed to foster in students the capacity to identify, to analyse critically and to evaluate theories, concepts and arguments relating to the nature and activities of individuals and societies.

What are TOK, EE and CAS?

Theory of Knowledge is an essay of 1,200-1,600 words written on a given title (from a choice of ten), followed by a ten-minute presentation of the essay by the DP student in class.

Extended Essay is an original independent research leading a DP student to produce a comprehensible written piece of 3,500-4,000 words in any chosen subject and title.

Under Creative, Action and Service, each DP student must complete at least 150 hours spread out over one-and-a-half years, engaging in some form of Creativity, participating in sport or other physical Action, and doing social Service.

What are IB World Schools?

Schools recognised by the International Baccalaureate Organisation and offering the IB curriculum are known as IB World Schools.

The list of some of the IB World Schools in India is as follows:

Western India

  • American School of Bombay, Mumbai — Day school offering PYP, MYP & DP
  • B.D. Somani International School, Mumbai- DP
  • Choithram International, Indore- PYP, MYP & DP
  • Dhirubhai Ambani International School, Mumbai — Day school offering DP
  • Ecole Mondiale World School, Mumbai — Day school offering DP
  • Jamnabai Narsee School, Mumbai — Day school offering DP
  • Ahmedabad International School, Ahmedabad — Day School offering PYP
  • Mahatma Gandhi International School, Ahmedabad — Day school offering MYP
  • Mahindra United World College of India, Pune — Boarding school offering DP
  • Mercedes-Benz International School, Pune — Day school offering PYP & MYP
  • Symbiosis International School, Pune- PYP and DP

North India

  • Amity Global School, New Delhi- DP
  • American Embassy School, Delhi — Day school offering DP
  • DPS International, New Delhi- DP
  • The British School, Delhi — Day school offering DP
  • Pathways World School, Gurgaon — Boarding school offering PYP & DP
  • SelaQui World School, Dehra Dun — Boarding school offering DP
  • The Shri Ram School, Gurgaon- DP

South India

  • American International School, Chennai- DP
  • Bangalore International School, Bangalore- DP
  • Canadian International School, Bangalore — Mixed (Boarding & Day) school offering DP
  • The International School of Bangalore, Bangalore – Mixed (Boarding & Day) school offering DP
  • Oakridge International School, Hyderabad — Day school offering PYP
  • Chinmaya International Residential School, Coimbatore — Boarding school offering DP
  • Good Shepherd International School, Ooty – Boarding school offering DP
  • Kodaikanal International School, Kodaikanal – Boarding school offering DP
  • Sarala Birla Academy,  Bangalore- DP

East India

No IB Schools in Eastern India yet.

FAQs

Can a student do the IB Diploma after completing his/ her schooling through a different board?

Although the PYP, MYP and DP form a continuous sequence, each can be offered independently too.

A CBSE student can join the IB Diploma Programme for 10+2 level qualifications instead of the Class 12 CBSE, ICSE or State Board exams.

Is the IB recognised in India and worldwide?

The rigorousness and high standards of IB ensure that colleges and universities around the worldwide recognise the IB Diploma as a superior academic programme and a strong university entry credential.

The Association of Indian Universities (AIU) rates IB at par with Class 12 CBSE, ICSE, NIOS or State Boards. But every now and then, one hears of stray incidents of IB students finding difficulty in getting admission in certain Indian colleges and universities.

Why should I select IB for my child?

1. The IB Diploma has earned universal reputation for rigorous assessment, giving students access to the top colleges and universities in India and the world. IB is fast becoming the programme of choice for Indian students preparing to pursue higher education abroad.

2. The IB curriculum equips students with the tools needed to succeed in higher education, such as self-confidence, preparedness, research skills, organisational skills and being actively engaged in own learning.

3. Some universities even offer scholarships to IB diploma holders.

4. University admissions around the world are getting competitive by the day. Admission officers are increasingly looking for other evidence that a student will succeed in the university – such as exposure to quality curriculum, research abilities, international outlook and social service – all enhanced by IB.

Is the IB only for the elite?

Pursuing the IB programme can be very expensive, with annual fees as high as Rs. 250,000.

But the IBO vigorously maintains that the IB programme is not elitist. Mahatma Gandhi International School, an IB World School based in Ahmedabad, is a 200-student municipal school where slum children study together with expatriate children.

How can I teach at an IB World School?

The IBO conducts frequent workshops for prospective and experienced IB World School teachers.

Website: http://www.ibo.org/

Central Board of Secondary Education

The CBSE today has over 6700 affiliated schools and operates in about 20 countries. For administrative purposes it is organized as several regional offices.

 

Each Regional office will become a hub for the prospective and affiliated schools in the region. One of the important objectives will be to overcome barriers for access and equity.

With India rapidly emerging as a global leader in IT-enabled services, the CBSE, too, has geared up to provide cutting-edge technologies to all educational institutions seeking affiliation/upgradation. The implementation of the School Affiliation Interactive System (SAIS) is a key step in this direction.

Schools fulfilling the affiliation criteria may now fill up an electronic form and apply online that would help them do away with much of the time-consuming paperwork. Undoubtedly, it is the easiest and the fastest method of application, requiring minimal efforts. Those seeking affiliation with the Board may also look for relevant information posted on the website or e-mail their queries to the authorities concerned.

The facility also spells of greater transparency as schools can check their application status online. In case an institution is not granted affiliation/upgradation, it will be clearly stated where the school falls short of CBSE norms. In short, the system has been activated to make the affiliation processing as transparent and error-free as possible, besides being easily accessible and user-friendly.

 

COUNCIL FOR THE INDIAN SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAM

 

The Council

The Council has been constituted to secure suitable representation of Governments responsible for schools (which are affiliated to it) in their States/Territories; the Inter-State Board for Anglo-Indian Education; the Association of Indian Universities; the Association of Heads of Anglo-Indian Schools; the Indian Public Schools Conference; the Association of Schools for the ISC Examinations and eminent educationists.

The object of the Council is educational, and includes the promotion of science, literature, the line arts and the diffusion of useful knowledge by conducting school examinations through the medium of English. The Council exists solely for educational purposes and not for purposes of profit.
In October 1956 at the meeting of the Inter-State Board for Anglo-Indian Education a proposal was adopted for the setting up of an Indian Council to administer the University of Cambridge, Local Examinations Syndicate’s Examinations in India and, to advise the Syndicate on the best way to adapt its examination to the needs of the country. The inaugural meeting of the Council was held on 3rd November, 1958.

 

The Mission

The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations is committed to serving the nation’s children, through high quality educational endeavours, empowering them to contribute towards a humane, just and pluralistic society, promoting introspective living, by creating exciting opportunities, with a commitment to excellence.

The Ethos

  • Trust and Fair Play
  • Minimum Monitoring
  • Allow Schools to evolve own niche – Progressive Institutions
  • Needs of the children – Renew their Objectives
  • Freedom to experiment with new ideas and practices – The Schools must continuously evolve – “You won’t skid if you stay in a rut”
  • Diversity and Plurality – The basic strength for evolution of ideas
  • Schools to motivate pupil towards the cultivation of:
    Excellence – The Indian Experience
    Values – Spiritual and Cultural – to be The Bed Rock of the educational experience
  • Schools to have “Indian Ethos” and strong roots in the National Psyche. Be sensitive to national aspirations.

 

The Work

The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations conducts three examinations, namely, the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE – Year 10); The Indian School Certificate (ISC – Year 12) and the Certificate in Vocational Education (CVE – Year 12). The subject choices and syllabuses prescribed for these examinations are varied and aimed at nurturing the unique gifts of individual pupils.

The ICSE (Year 10)
The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education has been designed to provide an examination in a course of general education, in accordance with the recommendations of the New Education Policy 1986, through the medium of English. Private candidates are not permitted to appear for this examination. (For more details see regulations and syllabuses book)

The ISC (Year 12)
The Indian School Certificate Examination is an examination, through the medium of English, designed in accordance with the recommendations of the New Education Policy 1986, after a two year course of studies beyond the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (Year 10) examination or its equivalent. (For more details see Regulations and Syllabuses book)

The CVE (Year l2)
The Certificate of Vocational Education (CVE – 12) has been created as an examination, in accordance with the recommendations of the Ministry of Human Resource Development through the Joint Council of Vocational Education (JCVE) established under the National Policy of Education 1986. This examination can be taken by candidates alter a two year course of studies beyond the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (Year 10) Examination or its equivalent, through the medium of English. (For more details see Regulations and Syllabuses book) This certificate is intended to prepare candidates for particular occupations. Private candidates are not permitted to appear for this examination.

 

The Membership

 

As a leader in the provision of worldwide educational endeavours, the Council’s vast experience and wisdom is called upon in many forums promoting partnerships like the ones with the Royal Government of Bhutan, the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate, COBSE, State Departments, the Central Board of Secondary Education, the National Council for Educational Research and Training, the Ministry for Human Resource Development and the Planning Commission, affirming the intrinsic integrity and credibility of the Council and the systems it espouses.

 

 

 

 

SPECIAL MENTIONS

Intranet Development:
The Council has prepared and implemented a design to establish a communications network, through Inet cables, to link affiliated schools. 250 schools have been linked to the Council through the Intranet. The network allows confidential communications within the organisation.

Internet:
The Council’s website provided the results of the ICSE and ISC March 1999 examinations. A first by any Board in India. The provision showcased the Council as a pacesetting organisation worldwide.

Research and Development

The Council through its Research, Development and Consultancy Division (RDCD) is actively involved in studying areas of concern in education in order to provide new insights, dispel myths and provoke new responses in order to deliver more effective teaching – learning provisions. The RDCD Is also keenly involved in developing new syllabuses, curriculum frameworks and assessment systems to make education relevant, challenging and exciting.

Training
Through its RDCD, the Council carries out training on a wide variety of educational concerns geared towards improving or affirming teaching practices in the classroom, new syllabi thrusts or managerial skills in education. Requests for training may be made to the Research, Development and Consultancy Division of the Council. As demands are high, adequate time needs to be provided for.

National Competitions
The Council conducts, the Frank Anthony Memorial All-India Inter-School Debate and the Albert Barrow Memorial All-India Inter-School Creative Writing competitions, thereby underpinning the critical importance of creativity and the ability to articulate one’s thoughts in writing and speech in School education.

Future Plans
A major thrust area – networking – has been initiated. This is an endeavour to expand the horizons of such networking to address shared aspirations that lie outside the resource base of the organisation by associating (networking) with people and organisations in a move away from an “acquisitive” culture to a “participative” one.

A computerised version of the ICSE and ISC Syllabus booklets when completed soon, shall have internal links between subjects through related topics as well as links to external databases and resources available on the internet.

The Council has been working towards developing systems for the management of information using technology such as the World Wide Web and Multimedia to enhance educational opportunities and achievements in Council affiliated schools across India.

The Council, in association with the UNDP, Crafts Council and other professionals, is actively considering a certification process for practitioners and teachers of traditional arts and crafts in order to regenerate the traditional arts and crafts of our country, using the traditional Guru – Shishya “parampara”.

The future of our society and nation depends upon the young people of today and how well they are equipped to take society into the next century. Hence, the Council in response is working towards a curriculum at the ICSE level that incorporates elements of study of contemporary society – building on the best of the past, with one foot in the future so that our pupils develop toolkits for a lifetime.

In response to the growing needs of our learners, the Council is preparing to introduce Commercial Studies to help pupils develop an appreciation of the role of the entrepreneur and the professional manager and to understand the role of business in a global, national and local context. Similarly, to help pupils develop a perceptive, sensitive and critical response to the artiste a new subject “Performing Arts” is being planned for.

The existing examination and assessment structures at the ISC (Year 12) level are aimed at the needs and aspirations of the “average” child. There are assessment items that are aimed at differentiating the above-ability student from the lesser-ability students, thereby providing a differentiated assessment outcome. However, the brightest of our children are often not sufficiently challenged by the ISC examination. Hence the Council is working on an optional assessment element at the ISC level that incorporates additional curriculum elements and different assessment techniques. This may help in challenging the brighter students and enabling them to stretch the limits of their academic abilities.

The Council is presently examining a proposal to introduce a provision, at the ICSE level that will enable all pupils to acquire at least one practical skill. (This is proposed to be achieved without increasing the curriculum load currently in place and within the curriculum framework presently provided).