Subjects And Their Career Links

Subjects And Their Career Links


SUBJECT SELECTION

 The right subject combination serves as a vital foundation stone for building a successful career in life. The subject selection process involves awareness of aptitudes and interests, class performance and eligibility requirements for courses and careers. While making informed choices it is also important to be aware of various misconceptions and facts regarding subjects and their career links.

 

  •  Misconception

There is not much scope for students who opt for Humanities.

As a result, regardless of a student’s aptitude and interests he/she is encouraged to take either the science or commerce subjects. This trend is highly detrimental for the intellectual development of the students who have a humanities bent of mind and infact retards their progress.

 

  •  Fact

Most careers are open to students from all subject streams.

It is only the Engineering and Medical related fields that require a student to take up Physics, Chemistry and Maths or Physics, Chemistry and Biology respectively. Moreover, it is essential to emphasise that subjects like History help to develop higher order thinking skills which are a critical success factor for most careers.

 

  •  Misconception

Taking up Physics, Chemistry, Maths and Biology opens up wider career options in both the Engineering and Medical fields, increasing the chances of success.

Consequently, students take up these subjects whether they can cope with them or not and appear for both the engineering and medical exams without considering their aptitudes for these careers.

 

  • Fact

Whereas the engineering and medical entrance examinations are an extension of the subjects students have studied in school, the careers they lead to require different skill sets and attitudes. In Engineering you deal with machines while in medicine you deal with human beings. You see patients at their worst and have to give of your best! Leaving the career entry to chance can jeopardize your future.

  •  Misconception

Students who take up PCM must appear for the IIT JEE examinations as this is the best possible career route for them.

 

  • Fact

Those who join the IIT-JEE band wagon without considering their aptitudes and interests may face their first career dilemma after they get in and discover that they were more suited for research, architecture, law or some other field. Thus many a time the engineer ‘kills’ the scientist, architect or lawyer! It is essential to take up the right course at the right campus.

 

  •  Misconception

There is more scope for careers in the fields of engineering, medicine and management than in the design, media or hospitality sectors.

 

·       
  • Fact

There are no ideal careers, only ideal choices. Each career is as good as the other. The choice depends on what matches with your profile and brings out the best in you.

 

  •  Misconception

It is better to opt for a professional degree after Plus Two as the academic subjects have no value.

 

  • Fact

There should be no bias regarding the pursuit of academic or professional courses.

For example, if the goal is Management or Mass Communication or Law etc. there are two key routes after Plus Two. The students who are academically oriented should ideally pursue their Bachelor’s degree in an academic field followed by a post graduate academic or professional qualification. However, for those who have a vocational bent of mind a professional programme may be more suitable after Plus Two. Thus, we must avoid generalizations and facilitate an individualised educational and career path that will tap one’s potential to the fullest.

 
  •  Misconception

High marks are the only indicator of future success. Consequently, students are compelled to take up tuitions at the cost of co-curricular activities.

 

  • Fact

The emphasis is on the knowledge acquired and not merely marks. In addition, hobbies like reading, painting, music and participation in extra curricular activities are essential as they develop employability skills like leadership, effective communication, and creative ability etc.

  •  Misconception

Once you embark on a career you cannot change tracks and certain careers don’t go together e.g. medicine and music.

 

  • Fact

A multi disciplinary approach is ideal for a multi-skilled person. The film ‘Soch’ has been produced by Dr. Karim who is a successful surgeon. Keki Daruwala former Director General of Police is a renowned writer.

 

          

Hugh Prather has expressed this concept succinctly in the following words “There is a part of me that wants to write, a part that wants to theorise, a part that wants to sculpt, a part that wants to teach. To force myself into a single role, to decide to be just one thing in life, would kill off large parts of me.”

 

 

 

 

Dr. Amrita Dass

Founder Director

Institute for Career Studies

 

 

A brief description of subjects and their career links

 

BIOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY

Biology is the study of the structure, function, behaviour and evolution of cells, organisms and ecosystems.

 

Chemistry is the science of the structure, properties and reactions of matter. Chemists analyze, synthesize, quantify and design materials.

 

 
Careers/ specializations
  • Agriculture and allied fields like Forestry, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry etc.
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Sciences
  • Biomimetics
  • Biometrics
  • Biotechnology
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Cheminformatics
  • Engineering (Physics, Chemistry, Maths)
  • Environmental Science
  • Forensic Science
  • Metallurgy
  • Genetics
  • Genetics Law
  • Geology
  • Hospital / Health Management
  • Indian Forest Services
  • Medical and Paramedical fields like Physiotherapy, Optometrics, Audiology etc. (Physics, Chemistry and Biology)
  • Neurosciences
  • Oceanography

 

* Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality Sector,  Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

 

 

  • Pharmacy and Drug Design (Physics, Chemistry and Maths or Physics, Chemistry and Biology)
  • Public Health specialist
  • Scientist
  • Teaching and Research
  • Veterinary Science (Physics, Chemistry and Biology)
  • Microbiology
  • Technical and Scientific Writing
  • All other health-related professions
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Biotechnology is a study of cell biology, genetics cell culture technology, molecular biology, genetic mapping, genetics engineering and Bioinformatics.

Careers/ specialisations
  • Biotechnology- Engineering with specialisation like Medical, Agriculture, and industrial Biotechnology etc.
  • Bioinformatics
  • Genetics related specialisations
  • Biotechnology Management
  • Scientific Research
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

COMMERCE AND ACCOUNTS

Commerce is concerned with the sale, purchase and distribution of goods. Its main function is to take the goods from their place production to the people who make use of them. Commerce performs the function of a link between the producer and consumer.

 

Accountancy has been called the “language of business”. It is the art of recording, classifying and summarising in terms of money, transactions and events which are of a financial nature and interpreting the results.

 

* Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality Sector, Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

Careers/ specialisations
  • Banking
  • Business Management
  • Chartered Accountancy (CA)
  • Certified Public Accountant (CPA)
  • Chartered Certified Accountant(ACCA)
  • Company Secretary (CS)
  • Cost and Management Accountancy
  • Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)
  • Finance and Investment related fields
  • Forensic Accounting
  • Insurance
  • Real Estate
  • Teaching and Research
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

COMPUTER SCIENCE

Computer Science is a study of automating algorithmic processes. Providing a scientific and practical approach to computation and its applications

 

 
Careers/ specialisations

 

  • Computer Science Engineering
  • Robotics
  • Business Intelligence
  • Web Developer
  • Computer Support Specialist
  • Software quality Assurance
  • Computer & Information Research Scientist
  • Analyst
  • Data Mining Specialist
  • Ethical Hacker
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

 

 

*Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality Sector, Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

 

ECONOMICS

It is the branch of social science that deals with the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management. It also deals with related problems of labour, finance, taxation, etc.

 

 

Careers/ specialisations
  • Business Economics
  • Development Economics
  • Econometrics
  • Economist
  • Environmental Economics
  • Financial Economics
  • Indian Economics Services (IES)
  • Mathematical Economics / Econometrics
  • Political Economics
  • Public Health Economics
  • Statistics
  • Teaching and Research
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

 

ENGINEERING GRAPHICS

 Engineering Graphics is a graphic language incorporating- the ability to visualize or perceive a graphic; knowledge and understanding of principles and practices of engineering technology; freehand, instrument and CAD drawings, and the Design Process. It serves as a bridge between high school technology and University Engineering.

 

Careers/ specialisations
  • Architecture
  • Engineering
  • Industrial Design
  • Project Management

 

* Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality Sector, Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

  • Property valuation
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

ENGLISH (LITERATURE)

English Literature is the study of the development of literature over the ages. It includes studying the profiles and work of various poets, novelists, writers etc. both classical and contemporary.

 

 

 

Careers/ specializations

  • Advertising (Copy writing)
  • Creative Writing
  • Editing
  • Journalism (Print and Electronic)
  • Linguistics
  • Public Relations
  • Publishing
  • Script Writing
  • Technical Writing
  • Teaching and Research
  • Translation
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

GEOGRAPHY

Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks to understand the world - its human and physical features - through an understanding of place and location. Geography looks at the spatial connection between people and places and how people interact with the environment. Geographers study the linkages between human activity and natural systems.

 

Careers/ specialisations
  • Analysing Remote Sensing Data
  • Cartography
  • Climatology

* Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality Sector, Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

  • Demography
  • Economic Geography
  • Energy Analyst
  • Environment and Ecology
  • Environmental Management
  • Forest Management
  • Geographic Information Systems
  • Globalisation, Governance and Development
  • Human Resources Development
  • Journalism
  • Meteorologist
  • Population Studies
  • Rural Management
  • Social Work
  • Soil Conservationist
  • Teaching and Research
  • Travel and Tourism
  • Urban and Regional Planning
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

HISTORY

History is a branch of knowledge that records and analyses past events – political, economic, social and cultural. It is, in effect about knowing and interpreting our past in order to understand present and perhaps even predict our future. Historians delve into significant phases of human activity and study its influences on life. A study of history develops higher order thinking skills (HOTS!)

 
Careers/ specialisations
  • Archaeologst
  • Archivist
  • Cliodynamics (History & Mathematics)
  • Cultural Resources Management
  • Digital History
  • Economic History
  • Gender Studies
  • Historian
  • International Relations

 

* Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality Sector, Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

 

  • Journalism
  • Museology, Curator
  • Public Administration
  • Teaching and Research
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

HOME SCIENCE

Home Science is a multi displinary field of  study which draws upon many subjects such as chemistry, physics, physiology, biology, sociology, economics, hygiene, child development, art, food, nutrition and home management.

 

 Careers/ specialisations

  • Culinary Arts
  • Child Development
  • Cosmetology
  • Dietetics
  • Fabric and Textile Design
  • Food and Nutrition
  • Health care related fields
  • Interior Decoration
  • Resource Mangement
  • Teaching and Research
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

INFORMATICS PRACTICES

Informatics Practices includes the science of information and the practice of information processing. It incorporates the structure, algorithms, behavior, and interactions of natural and artificial systems that store, process, access and communicate information.  It also includes simple programming and visual basis.

 
Careers/ specialisations
  • Software Programmer
  • Animation and Graphics
  • Web Designer
  • Network Administrator

* Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality Sector, Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

  • Web / Multimedia Programmer
  • Computer Games
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

MULTIMEDIA & WEB TECHNOLOGY

Multimedia & Web Technology is a study of WEB Development using HTML/XML it focuses on proficiency in Web Management; creating Web Sites; designing Graphical images using Image-Editing tools; audio & video capturing and using software editing tools.

 
Careers/ specialisations
  • Video and Motion Picture Professional Animators
  • Web Developers
  • Advertising
  • Computer System Design
  • Illustrator
  • Multimedia Designer
  • Online Publishing
  • Game Designer and Programmer
  • Graphic Artist
  • Content Developer
  • Image Editor etc.
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

MATHEMATICS

Mathematics is the study of number, form, arrangement and associated relationships using numerical and operational symbols. It is the science of order. Mathematicians seek to identify instances of order and to formulate and understand concepts that enable us to perceive order in complicated situations.

 

Careers/ specialisations
  • Actuarial Science (Insurance)
  • Architecture
  • Banking, Finance and Investment
  • Behavioural Finance (Psychology and Finance)
  • Civil Aviation (Physics and Maths)

 

* Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality, Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

  • Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Programming, Software Engineering, Cybernetics
  • Defence Services - Airforce and Navy (Physics and Maths)
  • Engineering (Physics, Chemistry and Maths)
  • Financial Engineering
  • Indian Statistical Services
  • Management and Finance related fields
  • Market Research
  • Merchant Navy (Physics, Chemistry and Maths)
  • Operational Research (finding mathematical solutions to business problems)
  • Pharmacy (Physics, Chemistry and Maths)
  • Teaching and Research
  • Scientist
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

PHYSICS

The physicist’s quest is to know Nature, to describe its precise and elegant laws, and to predict the behaviour of the universe. Physicists have led the development of 20th century technology. They have played an essential role in the beginnings of the transistor, the laser, the nuclear reactor, fiber optics, holograms, global positioning systems, medical imaging techniques, computers, space exploration, atomic power and radar, cable television and compact discs.

 

Careers/ specialisations
  • Applied Physics
  • Architecture (Maths)
  • Astronomy
  • Astrophysics
  • Biophysics
  • Chemical Physics
  • Civil Aviation (Physics and Maths)
  • Defence Services - Airforce and navy (Physics and Maths)
  • Engineering (Physics, Chemistry and Maths)
  • Earth and Planetary sciences
  • Geophysics
  • Indian Forest Services
  • Medical and Paramedical fields like Physiotherapy, Optometrics, Audiology etc. (Physics,Chemistry and Biology)

* Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality, Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

  • Merchant Navy (Physics and Maths)
  • Pharmacy and Drug Design (Physics, Chemistry and Maths or Physics, Chemistry and Biology)
  • Scientist
  • Satellite Engineer
  • Teaching and Research
  • Technical and Science Writing
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

POLITICAL SCIENCE (CIVICS)

 

Polotical Science is a branch of knowledge that deals with the state and system of Government. It examines social and political behaviour and practices, the varied contexts in which they occur, and the ideas and ideals which motivate people in public life.

 
 
Careers/ specialisations
  • Human Rights
  • International Affairs Relations
  • Political , Social Activist
  • Policy formulation and advocacy
  • Policy Analyst
  • Public Administration
  • Political Advisor
  • Political Commentator
  • Research Analyst
  • Social Work
  • Teaching and Research
  • Writer
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

PSYCHOLOGY

Psychology is a behavioural science. It is the scientific study of thought and behaviour and deals with sensation, perception, memory, cognition and motivation etc.

 

 

Careers/ specialisations
  • Animal Psychiatry, Behaviour
  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioural Finance (Psychology and Finance)

*Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality, Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

  • Cognitive Sciences
  • Child Psychology
  • Counselling specilisations (Children and adolescents, health, marriage, family, education, career etc.)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Educational Psychology
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Forensic Psychology
  • Human Resource Development
  • Industrial Psychology
  • Neuro-sciences
  • Occupational Psychology
  • Organizational Behaviour
  • Paramedical Psychology
  • Personnel Management and Industrial Relations
  • Public Relations
  • Psychotherapy
  • Social Psychology
  • Special Education
  • Teaching and Research
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

 

SOCIOLOGY     

 

Sociology is the scientific study of society which includes patterns of social relationships social interactions and culture. It encompasses various aspects of human life - political, cultural, economic, psychological, historical etc. and establishes interconnectivity between these dimensions. As Sociology can address some of the most critical and challenging issues of global importance, it is  a fast  expanding field.

Careers/ specialisations

  • Counselling
  • Consultancy
  • Computational Social Science (Computer and Social Science)
  • Environment related fields
  • Gender Studies
  • Health Care
  • Market Research
  • Political Sociology

* Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality, Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

  • Population studies/ Demography
  • Social Analytics
  • Socio-Legal fields
  • Social Work / NGOs
  • Teaching and Research
  • Urban Studies
  • Women Studies
  • All other non-subject specific careers*

* Advertising and PR, Design, Law, Government Services, Hospitality, Management, Mass Communication and Social work etc.

 

Subject Eligibility Criteria Chart

 

NB:

     *A few engineering colleges accept Physics, Chemistry and Biology without Maths

 

  • ALL other careers can be accessed from any subject combination

 

Dr. Amrita Dass

Founder Director

Institute for Career Studies